Thyroid

 

Type 1 Diabetes and Thyroid Disease both involve the endocrine system and revolve around hormone issues. When a Type 1 Diabetic has a Thyroid Disease, it can make managing blood sugars even more difficult. Your thyroid is a gland located in your lower neck. This gland is responsible for regulating the metabolism within your body and the process of using and storing energy by releasing a thyroid hormone. If too much of this hormone is produced, your metabolism is faster than normal 

Hyperthyroidism

 

Hyperthyroidism is the overproduction of a thyroid hormone which causes your body's metabolism to quicken. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism may include:

  • Pounding heart

  • Quick pulse

  • Increased sweating

  • Weight loss despite normal or increased appetite

  • Shortness of breath when exercising

  • Diarrhea

  • Muscle weakness or tremors

  • Trouble concentrating

  • Change in menstrual periods

  • Thick skin on the knees, elbows, and shins

In those with Type 1 Diabetes, an increase in metabolism leads to medicine going through the body faster. This may result in blood sugars rising because the usual dose of insulin does not stay in your body long enough to stay effective.

Hypothyroidism

 

Hypothyroidism is the underproduction of a thyroid hormone which causes your body’s metabolism to slow down. Symptoms of hypothyroidism may include:

  • Fatigue, Sluggishness

  • Depression

  • Feeling of being cold even when others feel warm

  • Constipation

  • Weight gain unrelated to increase in eating

  • Low blood pressure

  • Slow pulse

In those with Type 1 Diabetes, a decrease in metabolism leads to medicine staying active in your body for longer than it should. This may result in blood sugars dropping as the insulin does not pass through the body as fast as it should.